Friday, August 18, 2017

How to purify your heart spiritually in islam in three steps

How to purify your  heart  spiritually in islam in three steps

I have compiled the following as a reminder for myself and for those searching for similar advice.

The following article is from

“A day in which neither wealth nor children shall be of any benefit, except one who comes to God with a sound heart” (Sūrat’l-Shu‘arā’: 88-89).
Spiritual purification of the self is the essence of Islamic teachings. Knowledge of this science was traditionally learned by keeping company with good teachers and righteous companions.

NUMBER ONE :    The Obligatory Prayers
This one is so obvious it doesn’t need to be stated. However, the reality is, most of us struggle to keep up with our five prayers on time. Those already doing this should work on offering the voluntary prayers (sunnan rawatib) and supererogatory prayers (dhuda, ishrāq, alāt’l-wuū’ etc).
NUMBER TWO :Have a daily reading of Qur’ān
Whether it is a hizb (i.e. 1/60  of Quran)a few pages or a few lines, pick an amount that you can commit to reading from the Qur’ān everyday. Make it a routine to read that amount after one of the obligatory prayers—after Fajr is usually the best time to do so.
NUMBER THREE: Daily Supplications (tasbeeh) for Morning or Evenings
Having a regular supplication (a designated amount) of tasbeeh (Darud, ashtagfaar etc) is also necessary in one’s daily routine. The Prophet (PBUH) recommended supplications for mornings or evenings. Your spiritual guide will  tell you what to do.. Set aside a time, usually after Fajr or Maghrib, to recite them.
The last piece of advice is to make du‘ā’ and to avoid sins. Practical measures outlined above need to be coupled with constant prayer asking God to grant you a pure heart. In addition, while sins are inevitable, an active effort needs to be made to avoid sins we commit consistently. As mentioned earlier, sins are barriers that limit the opportunity to do good works; avoiding them and constantly seeking forgiveness is therefore vital.
Allah loves those who constantly repent (Qur’ān  Sūrat’l-Baqarah: 222); our Prophet (  PBUH Say Darud), the best of creation, would seek repentance over 70 times a day; 
Sins are barriers which restrict the opportunity to do good works; so begin your journey with sincere repentance. List all of the main sins you aim to eliminate in the future and ask forgiveness for those sins specifically. A specific repentance with the intention of starting on a spiritual quest will act as a starting line for you. It will put you in the right frame of mind and will allow you to be cognizant of committing these sins again.

Please pray for their  maagfiraat.
Death is inevitable. It is the one thing that we can be certain about in life. We are born to die. Every soul shall have a taste of death no matter who they are. This is confirmed for us many times in the Quran:

"Every soul shall have a taste of death: and only on the Day of Judgement shall you be paid your full recompense." (Quran 3:185)

"Every soul shall have a taste of death: and We test you by evil and by good, by way of trial. To Us must you return." (21:35)

"Every soul shall have a taste of death: In the end to Us shall you be brought back." (29:57)

and the Almighty says, “No self knows what it will earn tomorrow and no self knows in what land it will die.” (W31:33; H31:34)
The Almighty says, “When their specified time arrives, they cannot delay it for a single hour nor can they bring it forward,” (16:61)
and the Almighty says, “O you who believe! Do not let your wealth or children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. Whoever does that is lost. Give from what We have provided for you before death comes to one of you and he says, ‘O Lord, if only you would give me a little more time so that I can give sadaqa and be one of the righteous.’ Allah will not give anyone more time, once their time has come. Allah is aware of everything you do.” (63:9-11)
Ibn ‘Umar used to say, “In the evening, do not anticipate the morning, and in the morning do not anticipate the evening. Take from your health for your illness and from your life for your death.” [al-Bukhari]

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Remember often the destroyer of pleasures,” by which he meant death.

Source: Sunan ibn Majah 4258, Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani

Sunday, June 11, 2017

How to pay zakat, Sadaqa Al-Fitr, Fidya and Kafarah

How to pay zakat, Sadaqa Al-Fitr, Fidya and Kafarah   

The concept of Zakat is to assist the poor and those who are suffering in order to help them end their suffering and get back on their feet.
Recipients of Zakat must be sufficiently poor to receive it. They don’t have personal assets that either meet or exceed the nisab, they are eligible to receive Zakat.
 To put it in simple terms, people who are poor and suffering are eligible to receive Zakat money. They can be any of the following: 
  • The Poor & The Needy – these people may have some wealth and funds but it is not enough to make up for the nisaab.
  • The Destitute – People who have no wealth or funds. They are living their life on the very basics necessities of life.
  • Zakat Collectors – People who collect Zakat as well as distribute it.
  • People in Debt – People who are in debt but cannot pay it back are eligible for Zakat. 

POOR PEOPLE IN YOUR LOCALITY. It is easy to donate to zakat fund of your local area masjid.

If each locality takes care of itself, its sufficient for development of the society.

Zakat is 2.5% of one year’s total cumulative wealth. This amount is then distributed to the poor. It can be easily understood from the following table.

Any Muslim who possesses the required nisaab (the minimum amount of wealth that one must have before zakat is payable) for one whole year is bound to pay Zakat on that wealth. The simple concept of zakat is that It is customarily 2.5% (or 1/40th) of a Muslim's total savings and wealth above a minimum amount known as nisab is payable  as zakat. No Zakāt is due on wealth until one year passes. .
Nisab is the exemption limit for the payment of Zakat. If a Muslim’s net yearly savings falls below this amount, he or she is exempt from paying Zakat. Only those people whose net capital exceeds the nisab values are obliged to give zakat. The nisab amount is calculated based on the current value of 3 ounces of pure Gold.If you have more than 7 and half  tolas of Gold or 52 and half tolas of Silver, zakat is payable. 
Items That Fall Under the Scope of Zakat
Keep in mind that in addition to cash at home or bank account, Zakat is also owed on gold, silver, investments, rent income, business merchandise and profits, shares, and bonds, Loans given or funds received. Any of these must be taken into account when determining the Zakat amount. Cattle and crops that are in excess of one’s need.

Enter all assets that have been in your possession over a lunar year:
Sr No
Amount (Rs.)


In hand and in bank accounts

Deposited for some future purpose, e.g. Hajj

Given out in loans

Business investments, shares, saving certificates, pensions funded by money in ones possession

Value of Stock of trade

DEDUCT ALL LIABILITIES(Borrowed money, goods bought on credit, Wages due to employees, Taxes, rent, utility bills due immediately)

Total assets

Zakat payable= 2.5% of total asset


Manju ka,

Regarding zakat, what I know are

1. Eligibility for zakat: If you have more than 7 and half  tolas of Gold or 52 and half tolas of Silver. 
2.Items on which zakat is to be given: Please go through the zakat calculator (Attached),you will understand yourself..It is more like wealth tax. It is on the amount lying with you for one year.A man may earn Rs. 1 lakh a month but spends the entire amount of his salary, is not liable to play Zakat, even if he had earned Rs. 12 Lakhs a year.
3.Financial year: Take any date in the month of ramadan  Ramadan is gud for remembering the date.
4.What about the fluctuating value of gold and the amount of zakat to be paid : Always take a higher value.Its always better to pay more than pay less zakat.

Please share your knowledge.
Zakat is not income tax. It is more like wealth tax. It is on
the amount lying with you for one year.
The calculation of the financial year is extremely important. It should
be calculated from the day you have become Sahibe Nisaab. Note down the
Lunar date (Arabic calender) and also the amount you have with you. Say
you have Rs. 2 lakh (the day you have crossed the value of 7 and half
tolas of Gold or 52 and half tolas of Silver). Then, exactly on the
same date next year calculate how much money you have. Say, it is Rs. 5
Lakh. Then your Zakat will be due on Rs. 2 Lakh. (The rest of the 
amount, that is Rs. three lakh, have not completed one year
.) Again
next year, on the same date suppose you have Rs. 10 lakhs with you.
Then Zakat will be payable on Rs. 5 Lakh which completed a year.
Although it appears to be simple I was initially confused about one
thing. That is, what about the amount that completes a year in the
middle of YOUR FINANCIAL YEAR. I thought that Zakat will be payable on
that too. No one could give me satisfactory answer to that. But reading
books I could make out that the identification of the FINANCIAL YEAR is
important. Accordingly I have decided on the formula above. Of course
there are many other fine points (masails) to be taken note of. But
broadly that is what I understand.

Since I could not remember when I became a Sahib e Nisaab, I have
taken the 15th Ramzan as the date to calculate my Financial Year. This
may not be entirely correct, but at least it gives me a convenient
reference point. I am no scholar on the subject. I am only stating what
I understand. There may be points of disagreement.


I have added one very important correction. Please rectify the mistake
I have made. It is regarding the zakatable amount.

The completion of one year is necessary only regards to your being
considered a Sahib e nisaab or not. Otherwise you are liable to pay
Zakat on the amount lying with you on the completion of the relevant
financial year.

That means if you get Rs. 10,00,000/- only a month before the due date
of calculation, it is also zakatable. I have corrected my position
after doing some reading and confirmed it from my spiritual teacher.

I sincerely apologise for the confusion.

Khuda hafiz,


Its time to think about Zakat , May people does not know even his Zakat
is due.

The tool Zakat Calulator will help them who knows computer.

Common muslim does not know how to calculate Zakat.

Even people say ' I do not have 9.5 tola GOLD , I am not liable.
"ý and feel happy.

For salaried person , every month 2.5% of his salary should be
accumulated separately ( and should not be touched in any condition )
and give to people as mentioned in Quran . This is very simple. and
straight .

I think ZDS ( Zakat deduction at source ) is better.

If you pay your zakat dues to the poor and needy that you know (and especially if they are from among your poor relatives), then that is better than giving it to someone whom you do not know. As your poor relatives have a bigger right on you than the others.
Zakat can be paid out to any of the following eight deservants as ordained by Allah in the Glorious Quran:

Holy Quran Chapter 9 Surah Taubah verse 60: Zakat Collections are for the needy, and the indigent, and for those who are employed to collect them, and for those whose hearts are to be won over, and for the ransoming of slaves, and for helping the debtors, and the way of Allah, and for the hospitality of the way-farers.

When to Pay Zakat:

While Zakat can be paid anytime during the Islamic lunar year, many people prefer to pay it during ramazan.


Fitr or Fitrana, is compulsory charity paid by Muslims at the end of the fasting month. Every adult Muslim who possesses food in excess of his/her needs (approx. 2kg) must pay Fitr for him/herself and on behalf of dependants.
The accepted amount for Zakat ul Fitr is Indian Rs50/= per person of the family on june,2017.. Though this is payable until the morning before Eid Prayer, we urge donors to give theirs in advance. By doing so, you’ll be allowing the families who rely on your Fitr to make their preparations for Eid.

The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) ordered that a fasting person give out Zakaat al-Fitr at the end of Ramadhan – one saa’ of staple food on behalf of yourself and each person you are responsible for. [1]

What is a Saa’?

A Prophetic saa’ ( صاع ) is not a weight measurement.  It was and still is a measurement of volume, similar to the size of a large salad bowl.  It is made up of four mudds, and a mudd ( مد ) is a smaller container, close to the size of a small salad bowl.
To be precise, a Prophetic mudd in modern volume measurements is 0.75L (or 750mL), which means that a saa’ is three litres.
 The most common understanding is that one sa'a is equivalent to 2.5 kilograms (5 pounds) of wheat. Each individual Muslim is to give away this amount -- man or woman, adult or child, sick or healthy, old or young. The senior member of the household is responsible for paying the amount on behalf of the family.
So a family of four individuals (2 adults + 2 children of any age) should purchase and give away 10 kilograms  of wheat.

“The Scholars have Specified the Saa’ as 2.172 Kilograms” [?]

In a translation of a fatwaa from the Permanent Committee of Scholars in Saudi Arabia, headed by Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have Mercy on him), there seems to be a specification of 2.172 kilograms as one saa’.
It is preferable (and some scholars say mandatory) to give the zakat-ul-fitr as food to the poor and needy of the society. But if one is not able to personally give out the food as zakat-ul-fitr, it is permissible to give the equivalent amount to an organization who collects the zakat-ul-fitr; and they in turn will purchase the food on your behalf and give it to the poor and needy.

When to Pay Sadaqa Al-Fitr

Sadaqa Al-Fitr is a charitable donation linked directly to the month of Ramadan. One must make the donations in the days or hours just prior to the Eid Al-Fitr holiday prayer. This prayer occurs early on the first morning of Shawwal, the month following Ramadan.

Who Benefits From Sadaqa Al-Fitr

Sadaqa Al-Fitr is intended for members of the Muslim community who do not have enough to feed themselves and their family members. It is traditionally given directly to individuals in need. In some places, one may take the donation directly to a known needy family. In other places, the local mosque may collect all of the food donations for distribution to appropriate community members. It is recommended that the food be donated within one's local community. However, some Islamic charitable organizations accept cash donations which they use to purchase food for distribution in famine or disaster-affected regions.


Its payment in money

Al-Qaradawi explains why the Prophet appointed Sa` as the measure and did not prescribe it in money saying that in his opinion there are two reasons for this: First, money was still rare among the Arabs particularly the Bedouins. They did not have their own currency. So if the Prophet had prescribed it in money, he would have caused hardship to them. Second, the purchasing power of money changes from time to time. For instance, the purchasing power of a certain currency sometimes becomes low and other times high, so paying Zakat al-Fitr in money makes its value unstable. That is why the Prophet prescribed it with a stable measure, that is an amount of food which fulfils the needs of one family. For one Sa` provides a family with food for a whole day.

The Hanafis permitted the payment of Zakat al-Fitr in money. This is the view of Al-Thawri, Al-Hasan al-Basri, and `Umar ibn `Abd al-`Aziz. However, the other three schools did not permit this. Their argument is that the Prophet did not do so and hence its payment in money contradicts the Sunnah of the Prophet. But some contemporary scholars support the Hanafi view since this is easier nowadays for the payer particularly in cities where people use only money for dealings. Among them are Sheikh Shaltut, al-Ghazali, and al-Qaradawi[28] who mentioned earlier the two reasons for which the Prophet did not prescribe it in money. He also stated that the purpose of Zakat al-Fitr is to fulfil the needs of the poor and this is achieved also by payment in money and that in most cases and most countries the payment in money is more useful to the poor.[29] He also mentioned that when the Prophet prescribed it from food, it was easy for the payer and useful for the recipient during that time. But nowadays to pay it in food is not useful for the poor because he cannot make use, for instance, of wheat or dates unless he sells them with any price, generally low, to buy his needs with the money.[30] 

Al-Qaradawi excluded the times of famines where the payment of food is more useful for the recipients and said that the criterion is the benefit of the poor so if food proves to be more useful as in times of famines and catastrophes, then its payment in kind is better. But if money is more useful, then its payment in money is better.[31] 

Nowadays, if we consider the condition in the Muslim world in general and that of Muslims in the West in particular we will discover that the second view is more convenient with the spirit of Islamic legislation and the present condition of Muslims. As we will see later when Muslims living in the West decide to transfer their Zakah funds or some of them to needy Muslims in Muslim countries, then the payment in money is more convenient. 
The required amount of zakat ul-fitr is one sa' of wheat, barley, raisins, dry cottage cheese (aqit), rice, corn, or similar items considered as basic foods (qut). Abu Hanifah made it permissible to set aside, as a zakat ul-fitr, an equivalent value and also said that if the payer pays in wheat, one-half of a sa' would be sufficient.
Sadaqah al-Fitr is one kilo 633 gram wheat or three kilo 266 gram barley- Allah knows Best! Darul Ifta,Darul Uloom Deoband (Fatwa: 955/966/H=10/1436). This is Indian rupees fifty on June,2017 per person of the family.

Fidya – for Old person, poor health

Fidya is payable by those who are unable to fast during the month of Ramadan for valid reasons (due to poor health etc.) Such a person must pay to feed a poor person (2 meals a day) for every day of fasting he/she misses. This is called Fidya.

Pay fidyah equal to one Sadaqah al-Fitr in return of each fast. Sadaqah al-Fitr is one kilo 633 gram wheat or three kilo 266 gram barley which should be paid to poor and needy ones.Darul Ifta,Darul Uloom Deoband (Fatwa: 955/966/H=10/1436)


Kafarah is payable by those who intentionally don’t fast during Ramadan, without a valid reason. The compensation for each fast broken is to feed a person (2 meals a day) for 60 days. This is called Kafarah.
Alternatively such a person must fast for 60 consecutive days.

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Waste water Treatment of BGP containing TAR

Tar Removal through Physical Processes Physical processes will continue to play a very important role for the successful commercial implementation of gasification. They constitute the basic arm for removing most of the raw gasifier contaminants, including “tar.” “Tar” is removed mainly through wet or wet-dry scrubbing. Coalescers, demisters, and cold filtration are also necessary supplements. These well-known commercial methods are easily designed and applied, depending on the specific needs of any gasification process. The main problem arising from “tar” scrubbing is that condensed “tar” components are merely transferred into another phase (water or solids such as scrubbing lime), which then has to be disposed of in an environmentally acceptable manner. The problems associated with the management of these wastewater or solid residues are summarized as follows: • “Tar” and “tar”-contaminated solid-waste streams are considered as a special waste; consequently, their disposal is usually cumbersome and costly. • “Tar”-bearing wastewater is usually a bi-phasic mixture requiring various steps of treatment before final disposal. Water insoluble “tar” skimming • Most water-soluble “tar” components are refractory to the usual biological wastewater treatments. The applied methods for “tar” and “tar”-containing waste streams include solid waste stabilization and landfilling, organic phase skimming off the bi-phasic wastewater-free surface, wastewater incineration, wet oxidation, adsorption on activated carbon, and final biological treatment. Wastewater contaminants include dissolved organics, inorganic acids, NH , and metals. 3 Typical values of COD, BOD, and phenols for wastewater from fixed-bed gasifiers are given in Hasler et al. (1997). The new BIOSYN design proposes a continuous skimming-off of insoluble “tar” from the surface of the wastewater. tar-containing wastewater was treated using lime and alum for the removal of in-organics, followed by adsorption on powdered activated carbon (PAC) for the removal of organics. At optimum concentrations, both lime and alum individually proved to be capable of removing color, total suspended solids (TSS) and total dissolved solids (TDS), but in both cases, pH adjustment had to be carried out after treatment. The combination of lime and alum at the dose ratio of 0.8:0.8 g/L was found to be optimum for the removal of inorganics. The removal efficiency achieved at optimum concentrations were 78.6, 62.0, 62.5 and 52.8% for color, alkalinity, TSS and TDS, respectively. Coagulation-precipitation followed by adsorption on PAC resulted in 92.3% chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and 100% phenol removal at equilibrium. This technology may prove to be one of the fastest and most techno-economically feasible methods for the treatment of tar-containing wastewater generated from BGPs. biomass gasification plant.
The specific technical objectives of this study are: 1. Identify the optimum individual doses of lime and alum (coagulant) required to achieve the best treatment efficiency. 2. Identify the optimum and minimum dose of the coagulant-combination (lime and alum) required to achieve good treatment efficiency without having to conduct final pH adjustment. 3. Determine the efficiency of the coagulationflocculation process at optimum coagulant dosage followed by adsorption on powdered activated carbon (PAC). The iodine value of PAC was 1050 mg/g. The optimum dose of lime was found to be 0.8 g/L, with maximum removal efficiency for color, TSS and TDS, and minimum amount of sludge generation. The optimum dose of alum was observed to be 0.8 g/L with maximum TSS, TDS and minimum amount of sludge generation. However, the optimum dose of alum for maximum color removal was found to be 1.0 g/L. Lime was found to remove ammonia more efficiently than alum. In the lime-alum combination, lime:alum dose of 0.8:0.8 g/L was found to demonstrate maximum removal of TSS, TDS, alkalinity, and minimum amount of sludge generation. However, the lime:alum dose of 0.9:1.0 g/L provided maximum removal of color and ammonia. The coagulation-flocculation process was found to be more efficient for the removal of color, TDS, TSS and alkalinity than for the removal of COD and phenol.
CHARACTERISTICS OF EFFLUENT FROM BIOMASS GASIFICATION PLANT Parameter Unit Values pH -- 7.49 (±0.015) Color Co-Pt unit 1076.5 (±38.5) TDS mg/L 1875 (±75) TSS mg/L 82.5 (±2.5) Alkalinity (as CaCO3) mg/L 537.5 (±12.5) Ammonical Nitrogen mg/L 242.55 (±12.45) Nitrate nitrogen mg/L 0.62 (± 0.02) Phosphate (as PO4 3-) mg/L 0.12 (±0.03) CODtotal mg/L 3599.5 (±57.5) CODsoluble mg/L 3499.5 (±57.5) Phenol mg/L 465 (±10) Oil and Grease mg/L 36 (± 4.0) Note: Values in parenthesis are standard deviation

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

what is a wastewater treatability study and how does it work?

 what is a wastewater treatability study and how does it work?

A wastewater treatability study is a study or a test that tells us if the wastewater can be treated and how it needs to be treated. If the study is done correctly, it will clearly identify the problem you’re seeing in your wastewater stream, helping ensure the proper treatment solutions are considered.
Let’s just say, for example, that a plant processes metals—maybe a metal plating facility like a chrome plater or zinc plater—and all of the sudden, they realize residual metals are present in their wastewater, which are prohibited to discharge in just about any receiving watershed or municipality.
The company performing the study would start by taking a sample of their wastewater, analyzing it (called a characterization study) so they can identify what they think is the problem through analytical means.
Once the treatability study is complete and the problem is identified, sometimes a plant will opt to test different solutions by initially using some conventional technologies to remove the contaminants from the solution.
Once they establish that they can removed the contaminants successfully, they will then scale up the scope of the technology to sufficiently handle the full scale of the process. 

keep in mind that there is usually more than one treatment available for your problem. A reputable company will perform the treatability study and recommend different solution for you.

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Re Uses of Egg shell

Re Uses of Egg shell 

FACTS about egg shells:
  • Bio waste chicken eggshells are made of calcium carbonate, which is also the main ingredient in some antacid. Each medium sized egg shell has about 750-800 mgs of calcium.
  • The shell makes up 9-12 percent of an egg’s total weight (7 gm)
  • Waste eggshells generated by processing industries have the potential to be used as follows
  • It can be easily powdered in a coffee grinder machine and re used.
Garden Fertilizer
Eggshells are rich in calcium and other minerals that help your garden thrive. Crush eggshells into tiny pieces and sprinkle into each hole before planting.
If you dunk egg shells in water and let them soak for a day or two, the calcium in the shells dissolves into the water. The water is then infused with calcium and it is great for watering plants, because the calcium helps these plants to grow and contributes to synthesizing the green pigment, which is necessary for plant photosynthesis.
Use them in your organic waste composter
 One thing I have learned CAN go in your composter is powdered egg shell, and is a rich source of calcium and other essential nutrients that plants need.
Use them in your vermicomposting!
If you’re vermicomposting you can feed your little worm workers by reusing your eggshells as worm food! You’ll want to pulverize your eggshells to make the easier for the worms to eat. 
Nourishing Face Mask
Pulverize dried egg shells with a mortar and pestle, then whisk the powder in with an egg white and use for a healthful, skin-tightening facial. Allow the face mask to dry before rinsing it off.
Powerful dish Cleaner
Ground eggshells make a wonderful (and nontoxic!) abrasive for those tough-to-clean pots and pans. Mix them with a little soapy water for a powerful clean.
Make Your Own Powdered Calcium Supplement
Skip the pills and simply bake your shells at 350 degrees for 8 minutes. Let them cool and grind them to a fine powder. Add your supplement (a teaspoon or less) to your favorite smoothie or juice once a day. You can feed the chicken also mixing with its feed.

Remember: if using shells in something you will consume, only use boiled shells, otherwise you run the risk of a salmonella infection.